What Is Chain Of Survival?



Early access

      It is crucial that help is sought immediately following a cardiac arrest by phoning 999


   Early CPR

      CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and artificial respiration (mouth to mouth resuscitation) provides enough circulation to temporarily keep small amounts of oxygenated blood circulating through vital organs. This keeps the heart and brain viable until the AED (Automated External Defibrillator) arrives.


   Early defibrillation

      The purpose of early defibrillation is to re-establish a normal heart rhythm. Scientific research has shown that early defibrillation greatly increases the chance of survival for someone in cardiac arrest.


   Early ACLS

      Early Advanced Cardiac Life Support is the treatment provided by the paramedics when they arrive.



Thirty years ago, it was discovered that if a series of events took place, in a set sequence, a patient suffering from a heart attack stood a greater chance of survival. These events are now known as the ' Chain of Survival'




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